Discipline can be considered as: ‘a condition in an enterprise in which there is orderliness in which the members of the enterprise behave sensibly and conduct themselves according to the standards of acceptable behaviour as related to the goals of the organisation’
Another definition of ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ discipline makes the distinction between methods of maintaining sensible conduct and orderliness which are technically co-operative, and those based on warnings, threats and punishments.
Positive (or constructive) discipline relates to procedures, systems and equipment in the work place which have been designed specifically so that the employee has no option but to act in the desired manner to complete a task safely and success-fully. A machine may, for example, shut off automatically if its safety guard is not in place.
Negative discipline is then the promise of sanctions designed to make people choose to behave in a desirable way. Disciplinary action may be punitive (punishing an offence), deterrent (warning people not to behave in that way) or reformative (calling attention to the nature of the offence, so that it will not happen again).
The best discipline is self-discipline. Even before they start to work, most mature people accept the idea that following instructions and fair rules of conduct are normal responsibilities that are part of any job. Most team members can therefore be counted on to exercise self-discipline.
As you will observe that this lesson has been discussed in not much detail. The reason being that you would have covered this in your earlier courses. And I assumed you have ample knowl-edge on the lesson already (?). Therefore dear students, happy revision!