Labour sector addresses multi-dimensional socio-economic aspects affecting labour welfare, productivity, living standards of the labour force and social security. To raise living standards of the workforce and achieve higher productivity, skill up gradation through suitable training is of utmost importance. Manpower development to provide adequate labour force of appropriate skills and quality to different sectors is essential for rapid socioeconomic development. Employment generation in all the productive sectors is one of the basic objectives.
In this context, efforts are being made for providing the environment for self-employment both in urban and rural areas. During the Ninth Plan period, elimination of undesirable practices such as child labour, bonded labour, and aspects such as ensuring workers’ safety and social security, looking after labour welfare and providing of the necessary support measures for sorting out problems relating to employment of both men and women workers in different sectors has received priority attention.
Various plan schemes of the Ministry of Labour aim at the achievement of welfare and social security of the working class and maintenance of industrial peace. As against the approved outlay of Rs.130 crore for the year 1999-2000, the anticipated expenditure would be Rs.104 crore. The approved outlay for the year 2000-2001 is Rs.123 crore. (Refer Annexure 5.7.1 for Central Sector and Annexure 5.7.2 for State sector).
Plan initiatives in the Labour & Labour Welfare Sector are as under:
i. Training for skill development.
ii. Services to job seekers.
iii. The welfare of labour.
iv. Administration of labour regulations.
4. Under the Constitution of India, Vocational Training is a concurrent subject. The development of training schemes at the National level, the evolution of policy, laying of training standards, procedures, conducting of examinations, certification, etc. are the responsibility of the Central Government, whereas the implementation of the training schemes largely rests with the State/U.T. governments.
The Central Government is advised by the National Council of Vocational Training (NCVT), a tripartite body which has representation from employers, workers and Central/State governments. At the State level, similar councils known as State Councils for Vocational Training are constituted for the same purpose by the respective state governments at state levels.
The main objectives of the scheme are as under:
i. To ensure a steady flow of skilled workers.
ii. To raise the quality and quantity of industrial production by systematic training of potential workers.
iii. To reduce unemployment among educated youth by equipping them with suitable skills for industrial employment.