The ethical categories

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The ethical categories

Ethical categories

•Ethical neutrality: people put issues into this ethical category when they argue that nothing should be done about an issue that troubles them. There may be many reasons for this response. People may have applied ethical bracketing or ethical closure. This causes them to suspend their normal ethical standards when they would obstruct them in getting the job done.
•Ethical awareness: it causes a person to feel uncomfortable because an issue offends against their instinctively held values. The individual has an intuitive knowledge of what their duty is. They know what is right, but cannot say why. Their reaction to an issue may only involve making their feelings known but it may extend to active opposition to the proposal under consideration.
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•Ethical convention: it is thought that it can best be resolved by applying accepted norms to it. A feature of conventional ethical norms is that they are informal and unwritten or, if they are written, they are expresses in general terms and not as detailed prescriptions.
•Ethical puzzle: it is a conundrum to which there is a technically correct or best answer. Arriving at the correct solution may be no easy matter. A decision to see an issue as a puzzle requires the puzzle solver to place the issue within a coherent moral framework and to ignore the demands of contrary values and perspectives. This often enables a puzzle solver to construct detailed mechanisms and steps for resolving an issue.
•Ethical problems: is a conundrum to which there is no optimum solution. An issue is likely to be categorized as a problem because it involves many different values, and principles which, when taken in isolation, make perfect sense, but which, when taking together, fall into conflict. There has to be a debate between the differing conceptions of value, and part of the difficulty, for people who see issues as ethical problems, is to ensure that the arguments in the debate are conducted rigorously and fairly.