Ethical Theories

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Ethical Theories

Ethical Theories


 Ethical Theories is a school of thought that emphasizes individual harmony
 Eightfold path involves right understanding, thought, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, concentration
 Nirvana is a state of enlightenment: desires and ambitions are extinguished
 Enables people to live in harmony with themselves and nature
 Nirvana achieved by life of simplicity: abandoning possessions and pleasures
 All living creatures should be treated with compassion, kindness, and love
Virtues are important for good life: eightfold path, and nonviolence and patience
 Ethic is inclusive and egalitarian
 All are equal and entitled to same rights
 Focus on the individual who is ultimately responsible for own actions.
 Also emphasizes the importance of relationship with others
 these relationships are often considered more important than individual rights

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 Good life involves searching for peace and enlightenment by achieving harmony
 Focuses on defining and cultivating the Tao, or way to a harmonious society
 Harmonious society is achieved by following tradition rituals and roles
 Morality is a social or cultural product
 People are not individuals but part of the whole
 Relationships and roles within community are important
 Duty to family and community is more important that individual desires
 Is a virtue ethic: kindness, uprightness or righteousness,decorum or propriety, wisdom or integrity, and faithfulness to self and others.


 Philosophy emphasizing that the good life is one devoted to pleasure
 Only pleasure has intrinsic value that can lead to happiness
 Differ over definition of pleasure: is it of the body or pleasure of the mind ?(ataraxia or serenity)