There are two other Heuristics Integrity Loyalty values that play an important role as heuristics for deciding what to think, say or do in an ethical matter. They are integrity and loyalty. A commitment to either loyalty or integrity can act as a heuristic for deciding what should be done in a situation.
Integrity is defined as basing action on sound judgment and seeking a unity or wholeness of thought and action.
-Aquinas argued that the practice of virtue requires people to act knowingly, voluntarily and according to a fixed principle or habit.
-Winstanley and Woodal argued that the development of integrity is based upon ethical judgment and a sense of responsibility, the development of appropriate virtues.
Snow argued that integrity therefore is defined by its possessor‘s self-reflection and awareness.
‗Give me a man who knows something of himself and is appalled.
Loyalty is an unthinking faithfulness to a person, group or purpose. If a loyal person were to reflect on their actions they would have to question whether they were being loyal to the right thing. In a situation where high loyalty is demanded, but there is no opportunity for developmental openness (which would allow an individual to develop their own values and ethical reasoning). Loyalty is seen as a matter of instinct and experience and not as a matter of self-reflection.