Presents a vision of society as a community whose members are joined in a shared pursuit of values and goals they hold in common.
The community is comprised of individuals whose own good is inextricably bound to the good of the whole.
The principle states, ―What is ethical is what advances the common good.
The Virtue Approach
The virtue approach to ethics assumes that there are certain ideals toward which we should strive, which provide for the development of our humanity. These ideals are discovered through thoughtful reflection on what kind of people we have potential to become.
Virtues are attitudes or character traits that enable us to be and to act in ways that develop our highest potential. They enable us to pursue the ideals we have adopted. Honesty, courage, compassion, generosity, fidelity, integrity, fairness, self- control, and prudence are all examples of virtues.
Virtues are like habits that once acquired they become the characteristic of a person. Moreover, a person who has developed virtues will be naturally disposed to act in ways consistent with moral principles. The virtuous person is the ethical person.
In dealing with an ethical problem using the virtue approach, we must ask, what kind of person should I be? What will promote the development of character within my community and me?