Thinking Ethically: A framework for Moral Decision Making

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Thinking Ethically: A framework for Moral Decision Making

Thinking Ethically: A framework for Moral Decision MakingImage result for Thinking Ethically: A framework for Moral Decision Making in business ethics

We make decisions on a daily basis. Moral issues greet us each morning in the newspapers; confront us in our work or at school. We are bombarded daily with questions about the justice of our foreign policy, the morality of medical technologies that prolong our lives, the rights of the homeless, and the fairness of teachers.
Dealing with these moral issues is often perplexing. How exactly, should we think through an ethical issue/ what questions should we ask? What factors should we consider?
The first step in analysing moral issues is obvious but not always easy: Get the facts. Some moral issues create controversies simply because we do not bother to check the facts. This first step, although obvious is also among the most important and the most frequently overlooked.
But having the facts is not enough. Facts by themselves only tell us what is; they do not tell us what ought to be. In addition to getting the facts, resolving an ethical issue also requires an appeal to values.
Although ethics deals with right and wrong, it is not a discipline that always leads everyone to the same conclusions. Deciding an ethical issue can be equally difficult for conservatives and liberals. Of course, there are situations that are wrong by any standard.
But there are other issues where right and wrong is less clear. To guide our reflection on such difficult questions, philosophers, religious teachers and other thinkers have shaped various approaches to ethical decision-making. The five different approaches to values to deal with moral issues are The Utilitarian, the Rights, Fairness and Justice, the Goodness, and the Virtues.