Collective Bargaining

Collective Bargaining

So, students what do we mean by a bargaining done by a group of people together to the management or do you have something else on your mind. Fine do not put your self in more confusion. I will make it simple for you. The term “collective bargaining” originated in the writings of Sidney and Beatrice Webb, the famous historian of the British labour movement, towards the end of the nineteenth century. It was first given currency in the United States by Samuel Gompers.Image result for Collective Bargaining in Labour Laws
Collective bargaining is a process of joint decision-making and basically, represents a democratic way of life in industry. It establishes a culture of baptism and joint and technical changes in an industry. It helps in establishing industrial peace without disrupting either the existing arrangements or the production activities.

Meaning and Concept:

Collective bargaining has been defined in the Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences as “ a process of discussion and negotiation between two parties, one or both of whom is a group of persons acting in concert. The resulting bargain is an understanding as to be performed. More specifically, Collective bargaining is the procedure by which am employer or employers and a group of employees agree upon the conditions of work. “Stevens defines collective bargaining as a ‘social control technique for reflecting and transmitting the basic power relationships which underlie the conflict of interest in an industrial relations system.’ The definition emphasises important characteristics of collective bargaining that it is concerned with the application of power in the adjustment of inherent conflicts of interest. The Webbs describe collective bargaining as an economic institution, with trade unionism acting as a labour cartel by controlling entry into the trade. Prof. Allan Flanders has argued on the other hand, that collective bargaining is primarily a political rather than an economic process. He describes the organisation and the management organisation. The agreement arrived at is a ‘compromise is joint administration, synonymous with joint management. Maxists control that Collective bargaining is merely a means of social control within industry and an institutionalized _expression of the class struggle between capital and labour in capitalist societies. It is a method by which management and labour may explore each other’s problems and viewpoints, and develop a framework of employment relations and a spirit of cooperative goodwill for their mutual benefit. It has been described as a civilized bipartite confrontation between the workers and the management with a view to arriving at an agreement. In brief, it can be described as a continuous, dynamic process for solving problems arising out of the employer – employee relationship.