No woman or young person shall be allowed to clean, lubricate or adjust any part of a prime-mover or any transmission machinery while the prime- mover or transmission machinery is in motion or to clean, lubricate or adjust any part of any machine if the cleaning, lubrication and adjustment thereof would expose the woman or the young person to risk of injury from any moving part either of that machine or of any adjacent machinery section 22(2)}.
The State Government may be notification in Official Gazette, prohibit in any specified factory or class or description of factories, the cleaning, lubricating or adjusting by any person of specified parts of machinery when whose parts are in motion.
iii. Employment of Young Persons on Dangerous Machines:
Section 23 provides that no young person shall be required or allowed to work at any machine to which this section applied unless he has been fully instructed as to dangers arising in connection with the machine and the precautions to be observe and (a) has received sufficient training in work at the machine, or (b) is under adequate supervision by a person who has a thorough knowledge and experience or the machine.
The above provisions shall apply only to those machines which are considered by State Government as dangerous on which young persons ought not to work unless the foregoing requirements are complied with.
iv. Striking Gear and Devices for Cutting Off Power:
Section 24 provides that in every factory suitable striking gears of other efficient mechanical appliance shall be provided and maintained and used to move driving belts to and from fast and loose pulley which form part to the transmission machinery and such gear or appliances shall be so constructed, placed and maintained as to prevent the belt from creeping back on the fast pulley. Further, driving belts when not in use shall not be allowed to rest or ride upon shafting in motion. Suitable devices for cutting off power in emergencies from running machinery shall be provided and maintained in every workroom in every factory. It has been added by amending Act 94 of 1976 that when a device which can inadvertently shift from ‘off’ to ‘on’ position is provided in a factory to cut off power arrangements shall be provided for locking the devices on safe position to prevent accidental start of the transmission machinery or other machine to which the device is fitted.
v. Self-acting machines :
Section 25 provides further safeguards for workers from being injured by self-acting machines. It provides that not transfer part of a self-acting machine in any factory and no material carried thereon shall, if the space over which it runs is a space over which any person is liable to pass whether in the course of his employment of otherwise, be allowed to run on its outward or inward transverse within distance of forty five centimeters from any fixed structure which is not part of the machines. However, Chief Inspector may permit the continue use of a machine installed before the commencement of this Act, which does not comply with the requirements of this section, on such conditions for ensuring safety, as he may think fit to impose.
vi. Casing of new machinery:
Section 26 provides further safeguards for casing of new machinery of dangerous nature. In all machinery driven by power and installed in any factory
i. Every set screw, bolt or key on any revolving shaft, spindle, wheel or pinion shall be so sunk, encased or otherwise effectively guarded as to prevent danger
ii. All spur, warm and other toothed or fraction gearing which does not required frequent adjustment while in motion shall be completely encased unless it is so situated as to be so safe as it would be if it were completely encased. The section places statutory obligation on all persons who sell or let on hire or as agent of seller or hirer to comply with the section and in default shall be liable to punishment with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 months or with fine which may extend to Rs. 500 or with both.