Growing industrialisation and the rapid expansion of the services sector resulted in the galloping demand for labour after the 50s. The emergence of the concept of human relations, human resource management and human resource development contributed to the growing importance of labour. The labour force has been getting more and more diversified. That needs special attention to equal employment opportunity. There are other issues also. These issues are resolved through labour legislation.
Different Objectives of Labour Legislation in India
Labour legislation in India has sought to achieve the following objectives:
1. Establishment of justice – Social, Political and Economic.
2. Provision of opportunities to all workers; irrespective of caste, creed, religion, beliefs; for the development of their
3. Protection of weaker sections in the community.
4. Maintenance of Industrial Peace.
5. Creation of conditions for economic growth.
6. Protection and improvement of labour standards.
7. Protect workers from exploitation.
8. Guaranteed right of workmen to combine and form association or unions.
9. Ensure the right of workmen to bargain collectively for the betterment of their service conditions.
10. Make state interfere as protector of social well-being than to remain an onlooker.
11. Ensure human rights and human dignity.
Proper regulation of employee-employer relationship is a condition precedent for planned, progressive and purposeful development of any society. The objectives of labour legislation are a developing concept and require ceaseless efforts to achieve them on a continuous basis.
In its landmark judgement in Hindustan Antibiotics vs. The Workmen (A.I.R. 1967, S.C. 948; (1967) 1, Lab.L.J.114) the Supreme Court of India made a significant observation. The object of the Industrial law, said the Court, was to bring in improvements in the service conditions of industrial labour by providing them with the normal amenities of life, which would lead to industrial peace. This would accelerate the productive activities of the nation, bringing prosperity to all and further improving the conditions of labour.