Self-managed teams have emerged as the most important formal groups in today’s organisations. The reasons are fairly obvious. They enhance employee involvement. They have the potential to create positive synergy. By increasing worker interactions, they create camaraderie among team members. They encourage individuals to sublimate their individual goals for those of the group. In short, teams have certain inherent strengths that ultimately lead to organisational success at various levels.
Team Design and Analysis
A work team generates positive synergy through a coordinated effort. The individual efforts result in a level of performance that is greater than the sum of those individual inputs. To be precise, a team may be defined as a small group of people with complementary skills who work actively together to achieve a common purpose for which they hold themselves collectively accountable. Teamwork has a synergistic effect in that the individuals working together achieve more than they could alone. Members share a common purpose which is clear to each team member. Teamwork, in any case, does not just happen, it needs continuous effort. The effort should also be enjoyable, full and should result in a feeling of personal satisfaction for every team member. Much of this job is done by the team leader who makes them realise that team interests are above personal aspirations. Another feature of the team is that it has a ‘feel’ about it, a sort or teams. Members exchange feelings, opinions ideas freely, discuss openly and try to learn from each other. There is a pride, a sense of belonging to the team, which members find motivating.