Group Decision Making and Understanding Work Team

Group Decision Making and Understanding Work Team

Difference between group and team

The most common form of Group Decision-making takes place in interacting groups. In these groups, members meet face-to-face and rely on both verbal and nonverbal interaction to communicate with each other. But as our discussion of group think demonstrated, interacting groups often censor themselves and pressure individual members toward conformity of opinion. Brainstorming, the nominal group technique, and electronic meetings have been proposed as ways to reduce many of the problems inherent in the traditional interacting group.

Group Decision-making Technique

The most common form of Group Decision-making takes place in interacting groups.
In these groups, members meet face-to-face and rely on both verbal and nonverbal interaction to communicate with each other.
But as our discussion group thinks demonstrated, interacting groups often censor themselves and pressure individual members toward conformity of opinion.
Brainstorming, the nominal group technique, and electronic meetings have been proposed as ways to reduce many of the problems inherent in the traditional interacting group.
Brainstorming is meant to overcome pressures for conformity in the interacting group that retard the development of creative alternatives. It does this by utilizing an idea-generation process that specifically encourages any and all alternatives while withholding any criticism of those alternatives.
In a typical brainstorming session, a half-dozen to a dozen people sits around a table.
Brainstorming is meant to overcome pressures for conformity in the interacting group that retard the development of creative alternatives.73 It doe~ this by utilizing an idea-generation process that specifically encourages any and all alternatives while withholding any criticism of those alternatives.
The group leader states the problem in a clear manner so that it is understood by all participants. Members then ―freewheel‖ as many alternatives as they can in a given length of time. No criticism is allowed, and all the alternatives are recorded for later discussion and analysis. That one idea stimulates others and that judgment of even the most bizarre suggestions are withheld until later encourage group members to ―think the unusual. Brainstorming, however, is merely a process for generating ideas.
The following two techniques go further by offering methods of actually arriving at a preferred solution.
The Nominal group technique restricts discussion or interpersonal Immunization during the decision-making process, hence, the term nominal.
Group technique members are all physically present, as in a traditional committee meeting, but A members operate independently. Specifically, a problem is presented and then m the following steps take place….
Members meet as a group but, before any discussion takes place, each member independently writes down his or her ideas on the problem.
After this silent period, each member presents one idea to the group. Each member takes his or her turn, presenting a single idea until all ideas have been presented and recorded. No discussion takes place until all ideas have been recorded.
The group now discusses the ideas for clarity and evaluates them.
Each group member silently and independently rank-orders the ideas. The ideas with the highest aggregate ranking determine the final decision.
The chief advantage of the nominal group technique is that it permits the group to meet formally but does not restrict independent thinking, as does the interacting group. The most recent approach to Group Decision making blends the nominal group technique with sophisticated computer technology. The future of group meetings undoubtedly will include extensive use of this technology .
Each of these four Group Decision techniques has its own set of strengths and weaknesses. The choice of one technique over another will depend on what criteria you want to emphasize and the cost-benefit trade-off. For instance, the interacting group is good for building group cohesiveness, brainstorming keeps social pressures to a minimum, the nominal group technique is an inexpensive means for generating a large number of ideas, and electronic meetings process ideas fast.
In a typical brainstorming session, a half-dozen to a dozen people sits around a table.
The group leader states the problem in a clear manner so that it is understood by all participants. Members then ―freewheel‖ as many alternatives as they can in a given length of time. No criticism is allowed, and all the alternatives are recorded for later discussion and analysis. That one idea stimulates others and that judgment of even the most bizarre suggestions are withheld until later encourage group members to ―think the unusual.1I Brainstorming, however, is merely a process for generating ideas. The following two techniques go further by offering methods of actually arriving at a preferred solution.74 The nominal group technique restricts discussion or interpersonal communication during the decision-making process, hence, the term nominal.
Group members are all physically present, as in a traditional committee meeting, but members operate independently. Specifically, a problem is presented and then the following steps take place:
1. Members meet as a group but, before any discussion takes place, each member independently writes down his or her ideas on the problem.
2. After this silent period, each member presents one idea to the group. Each member takes his or her turn, presenting a single idea until all ideas have been presented and recorded. No discussion takes place until all ideas have been recorded.
3. The group now discusses the ideas for clarity and evaluates them.
4. Each group member silently and independently rank-orders the ideas. The idea with the highest aggregate ranking determines the final decision.
The chief advantage of the nominal group technique is that it permits the group to meet formally but does not restrict independent thinking, as does the interacting group. The most recent approach to Group Decision making blends the nominal group technique with sophisticated computer technologies.
It‘s called the computer-assisted group or electronic meeting.

Group Decision

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