Principles & Objective of Co-Ordination

Principle & Practice of Management

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Principles & Objective of Co-Ordination

Co-ordination Principles 

According to Mary Parker Follett, successful co-ordination principles is based on the following principles:
1. Direct contact: The activities of different individuals can be co-ordinated effectively through direct personal contacts. This helps in exchanging the opinions and ideas in a better way and clarifying the misunderstandings more easily. Besides effective communication, it also ensures promptness and avoids red-tapism in the organization. [ Co-ordination Principles ]
2. Early start: Co-ordination can be achieved more easily in the early stages of planning and policy-making. It becomes difficult to secure co-ordination at the execution stage. Therefore, co-ordination should start at the stage of planning. [ Co-ordination Principles ]
3. Reciprocal relationship: There should be integration of all efforts and interests towards the same purpose. This principle states that all factors in a situation like men, materials, and environment are reciprocally related. For instance, when A works with B, each finds himself influenced by the other and both are influenced by other persons and factors in the total situation. [ Co-ordination Principles ]
4. Continuity: Co-ordination should be a continuous process starting with planning and running the other managerial processes. It is something which must go on at all the time. It should be viewed as a never-ending process and every manager should strive for it constantly. [ Co-ordination Principles ]

Co-ordination Principles

Objectives of Co-ordination

The main purpose/objectives which are sought to be realised through co-ordination are as follows:
1. Reconciliation of goals of individuals with that of the organisation: This can be done by co-ordination only. The conflict of goals arises because everybody perceives the organisational goals. Differently and tries to achieve them in his own way. This may lead to confusion and chaos in the organisation. Therefore, co-ordination is necessary to bring unity of action in the organisation.
2. Total accomplishment: Through co-ordination it is possible to bring about total accomplishment which will be far in excess of the sum of the individual parts. It has been provided that the total accomplishment of ten employees of a department whose efforts are properly co-ordinated will be far greater than the mathematical sum of their individual accomplishment. This happens because through co-ordination duplication of efforts is prevented and the time and energy thus saved are better utilized in more creative tasks.
3. Economy and efficiency: Through co-ordination it is possible to bring about economy and efficiency in the organisation. Co-ordination will avoid duplication of efforts due to which their will be economy in labour, time and equipment. When the activities are properly correlated, there will be least delays which will bring efficiency in the business organisation.
4. Good personnel relations: Co-ordination is achieved through systematic efforts. Good co-ordination gives job satisfaction to the employees which keeps their morale high. Moreover, there are good human relations because the authorityresponsibility relationships are clear. The conflict between line and staff personnel can also be avoided through proper co-ordination of their efforts.
5. Retention of managerial and other personnel: It has been pointed out that sound co-ordination has a significant effect on the development and retention of a good personnel in business. If the total organisation is so desired and patterned that each executive and employee drives job satisfaction, there will be tendency on the part of the executives and employees
to stay with the organisation. The absence of this will create suffocating conditions in which it would be difficult for any person to stay for long in an organisation.