1. A delegation of power can be exercised by the higher authority only.
2. Delegation may be “downward, upward and sideward.”
3. Delegation does not mean the transfer of final authority.
4. Delegation does not involve any kind of surrender of power.
5. ‘Delegated powers’ can be revoked at any time.
6. Delegation implies the inhabitation of the delegation of power in the delegated authority. [ Delegation Characteristics ]
Formal and Informal Delegation
Formal delegation involves entrustment of specific responsibility, authority to position and creation of an obligation for performance of the work and the exercise of authority. Informal delegation is the performance of work and exercise of authority because people want to do it and not because they are compelled to do so by the organisation. The process of delegation must be sufficiently flexible to provide for both formal and informal types. Formal Delegation: Every system is formal because it lays down certain principles, rules, regulations, procedures, and norms of conduct for its proper functioning. Such rules, etc. may be oral or written. There are also hierarchical levels through which communication flows downward and upward. Organisational charts and manuals also constitute important parts of the formal system. Informal Delegation: In a formal system, people come together and interact with each other which causes the development of certain relations and sentiments—positive, negative or indifferent. These relations and developments steadily result in the spontaneous development of informal groups, groups so formed satisfy many of the social needs that remained uncared for by the formal organisation.