Group Dynamics Defined

Principle & Practice of Management

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Group Dynamics Defined


From times immemorial, man has lived in a social system (a large group), and the family (a small group) is an integral part of it. On this earth, there are groups, large or small, which influence our social system, social relations, and communication. Groups exist in every organisation and they affect the behaviour of their members and also other groups. They have also an impact on the whole organisation. If one wants to study an organisation, one will have to understand the groups existing in that organisation and their functioning. There are so many small groups in an organisation. Such groups are formed by the organisation by dividing its ultimate task into small tasks which are assigned to various subunits known as departments,
sections, units etc. Besides, there are many other groups which are created automatically (may be called informal groups) because of the operation of socio-psychological factors at the workplace.

Group Dynamics

Group Dynamics Defined

The social process by which people interact face to face in small groups is called group dynamics. Interaction in small groups is not always governed by rules, regulations, and conventions though well established. The word ‘dynamics’ is originally a Greek word implying force. Thus, group dynamics means the study of forces operating within a group in social interaction. It concerns the interactions and forces between group members in a social situation. When the concept of group dynamics is applied to organisational behaviour, the focus is on the dynamics of members of formal and informal groups in the organisation.
The term group dynamics has been interpreted in many ways. One view is that it deals with how the groups are formed, and function. The other view is that group dynamics is a state of techniques such as role playing, brain storming, leaderless group; group dynamics, thus, should be viewed in terms of the internal nature of groups, their information, structure and processes, and the way they affect individual members, other groups, and the organisation. This view is more prevalent.