According to the U.S. National Research Council, Computer Integrated Manufacturing improves production productivity by 40 to 70 percent, as well as enhances engineering productivity and quality. Computer Integrate Manufacturing can also decrease design costs by 15 to 30 percent, reduce overall lead time by 20 to 60 percent, and cut work-in-process inventory by 30 to 60 percent. Managers who use Computer Integrated Manufacturing believe that there is a direct relationship between the efficiency of information management and the efficiency and the overall effectiveness of the manufacturing enterprise. Thacker’s view is that many Computer Integrated Manufacturing programs focus attention on the efficiency of information management and the problems that come with it instead of developing new and more sophisticated manufacturing machines, material transformation processes, manufacturing management processes, and production facilities. Computer-integrated manufacturing can be applied to non-manufacturing organisations by changing the manufacturing focus toward a service orientation. Computer Integrate Manufacturing and Job Definition Format (JDF) are becoming increasingly beneficial to printing companies to streamline their production process.