Materials Handling

Production Management

Facility Planning and Layout

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Materials Handling

Haynes defines “Material handling embraces the basic operations in connection with the movement of bulk, packaged and individual products in a semi-solid or solid state by means of gravity manually or power-actuated equipment and within the limits Image result for Materials Handlingof individual producing, fabricating, processing or service establishment”. Material handling does not add any value to the product but adds to the cost of the product and hence it will cost the customer more. So the handling should be kept to a minimum. Materials handling in Indian industries accounts for nearly 40% of the cost of production. Out of the total time spent for manufacturing a product, 20% of the time is utilised for actual processing on them while the remaining 80% of the time is spent in moving from one place to another, waiting for the processing. Poor material handling may result in delays leading to the idling of equipment.
Materials handling can be also defined as ‘the function dealing with the preparation, placing and positioning of materials to facilitate their movement or storage’. Material handling is the art and science involving the movement, handling and storage of materials during different stages of manufacturing. Thus the function includes every consideration of the product except the actual processing operation. In many cases, the handling is also included as an integral part of the process. Through scientific material handling a considerable reduction in the cost as well as in the production cycle time can be achieved.

Objectives of Material Handling

Following are the objectives of material handling:
Minimise cost of material handling.
Minimise delays and interruptions by making available the materials at the point of use at right quantity and at right time.
Increase the productive capacity of the production facilities by effective utilisation of capacity and enhancing productivity.
Safety in material handling through improvement in working condition.
Maximum utilisation of material handling equipment.
Prevention of damages to materials.
Lower investment in process inventory.