Objective of store layout design

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Objective of store layout design

Objective of store layout designImage result for Objective of store layout design in Store Operation

Layout planning involves decisions about the physical arrangement of economic activity centres within a facility. An economic activity centre can be anything that consumes space: a person or group of people, a teller window, a machine, a workstation, a department, a cafeteria or storage room, and so on. The goal of layout planning is to allow workers and equipment to operate most effectively. In general, the inputs to the layout decision are as follows:
1. Specification of the objectives and corresponding criteria to be used to evaluate the design. The amount of space required, and the distance that must be travelled between elements in that layout, are common basic criteria
2. Estimates of product or service demand on the system
3. Processing requirements in terms of number of operations and amount of flow between the elements in that layout
4. Space requirements for the elements in that layout
5. Space availability within the facility itself, or if this is a new facility, possible building configurations.
Before making a decision regarding physical arrangement, few questions must be addressed. Can you guess some of the pertinent issues? Well, the first and foremost question could be:
  1. What centres should the layout include?

Centres should reflect process decisions and maximise productivity. For example, a central storage area for tools is most efficient for certain processes, but keeping tools at individual workstations make more sense for other processes.
  1. How much space and capacity does each centre need?

Inadequate space can reduce productivity, deprive employees of privacy, and even create health and safety hazards. However, excessive space is wasteful, can reduce productivity, and can isolate employees unnecessarily.
  1. How each centre’s space should be configured?

The amount of space, its shape, and the elements in a centre are interrelated. For example, placement of a desk and chair relative to the other furniture is determined by the size and shape of the office, as well as the activities performed there. Providing a pleasing atmosphere also should be considered as part of the layout configuration decisions, especially in retail outlets and offices.
  1. Where should each center be located?

Location can significantly affect productivity. For example, employees who must frequently interact with one another face to face should be replaced in a central location rather than in separate, remote locations to reduce time lost travelling back and forth.

Layout Objectives:

1. Simplify the manufacturing process.
2. Build in flexibility.
3. Hold down equipment investment.
4. Use door area economically.
5. Keep employees safe.
6. Reduce materials handling.
7. Achieve a more productive facility
8. Organize your layout projects
Are You Involved with:
• Process changes?
• Updating technology?
• Rearrangements?
• Expansions?
• Consolidations?
• Relocations?
• New installations?
A critical factor in successful retailing is making optimum use of available shop space. To achieve this requires balancing the effects of the overall store design and atmosphere with the more direct impact of product layout and merchandising. Store layout and design must reflect local requirements, designed to emphasize the impact of an open, bright store. However, it does not optimize the use of the available space and different fixtures would be necessary in a store where retailer want to maximize range and offer additional services. Store layout should entice customers to move around the store and buy merchandise.
It should provide a balance between providing adequate space to shop and creatively utilizing scarce space. A store layout is a plan designating the use of all space in the store, including aisles, fixtures; merchandise displays, and no selling areas. Store layout is a major aspect of retail design because of its powerful influence on customer traffic patterns and purchasing behavior. A successful layout guides customers through the store, strategically revealing various types of merchandise. Productivity, operational needs, and personnel, requirements also must be factored into layout decisions. Before planning a layout, the retailer must decide on the desired ratio of selling space to sales support space. This decision is important to the store’s long-term success, both financially and operationally.
A typical layout divides a store into four different kinds of space:
Selling space – Assigned for interior displays, product demonstrations, and sales transactions
Merchandising space – Allocated to items that are kept in inventory for selling Personnel space – Assigned to store employees for lockers, lunch breaks, and restrooms Customer space – Assigned for the comfort and convenience of the customer